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The County was formed in 1858 from parts of Russell County and Tazewell County. It was named for James Buchanan, the 15th President of the United States. Its County seat is Grundy.
The Town of Buchanan was formed in 1811, and named after Col. John Buchanan by a charter of the Virginia House of Burgesses in the Commonwealth of Virginia. The town sits on the banks of the upper James River in Botetourt County, in the Roanoke metro area. From its earliest development Buchanan was the principal crossing of the James River via the "Great Valley Road" and other regional transportation networks.
The City of Winchester was founded in 1744, and it's the oldest Virginia city west of the Blue Ridge Mountains. The City is located at the northern entrance of the Shenandoah Valley; the City encompasses 9.3 sq. miles and is the medical, industrial, commercial and agricultural center for the surrounding areas. The City has a population of approximately 27,000 with 6,600 single family homes and over 3,500 multi-family dwellings.